Today, statistics show that there are about 50 million Americans suffering from an autoimmune disease. It is important to know that the number is going high and high every day and this has come to the attention of doctors and medical practitioners. One thing you need to know is that your immune system works to protect you from diseases and infections. On the other hand, when you have an autoimmune system, it brings some dysfunction on the immune system. Your immune system in such a case will not work as it is supposed to. There is the need to know that the actual causes of these diseases have not been established. Discussed below are some of the common autoimmune diseases.
There is type 1 diabetes. There is the need to know that the role of insulin in your body is to regulate the blood sugar levels regulated. However, when someone has the type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. There is the need to know that all autoimmune diseases have one thing in common which is mistakenly attacking the body itself. The body cannot tell the difference between its cells and foreign cells.
The other common autoimmune disease is multiple sclerosis. The disease destroys the protective coating that covers the nerve cells. The coating is also referred to as the myelin sheath. As a result of the damage caused to the myelin sheath, the transmission of messages between the spinal cord and the brain and the rest of the body slows down. In that case, you need to know that it will be hard for the body to communicate within itself.
Another autoimmune disease is the Graves’ disease. It is important to know that the thyroid hormones are essential in controlling the usage of the body’s energy. With the Graves’ disease, however, the immune system plans an attack on the thyroid glands. This increases the production of the thyroid hormones which causes the body to increase its activities leading to fast heartbeat, nervousness and other things.
The above diseases are the most common ones though there are more that exist. In that case, it is important to ensure that you know the symptoms associated with the autoimmune disease. When you realize that you have it rough trying to concentrate or focus, feel tired, weight gain, insomnia and such symptoms, it could mean that you have an autoimmune disease. From there the doctor will help to get the treatment that will ensure that you get your life back.
There is the need to ensure that you look for help when you to live your life to the fullness by getting the right treatment.