Recommended Exercises for Senior Population
As the body grows old one is likely to experience great physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism which occurs at a different rate between people and even within the body of an individual, the speed at which these physiological changes happen vary from one person to the other and even within an individual, these physiological changes are primarily influenced by individual genes and environmental factors you can read more on this website. In most cases the rate at which these physiological changes occur can be slowed through lifestyle interventions and modification of physical activities, therefore, designing safe and tailored exercises can be useful to avert the health risks such as a cardiac attack, Alzheimer, and hypertension associated with these physiological changes click here for more info. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Most of the tasks senior people need assistance with such as bathing and dressing can be improved to make the complete them successfully by designing customized exercises, this may not be easy if you are untrained and have no exercise science fundamentals, to help you, we have outlined a simple guideline you can use so continue reading this article.
In general senior population experience problems with activities of daily living (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is a result of chronic health conditions such as arthritis, loss of muscle mass, diabetes and heart conditions associated with deteriorating physiological functioning of the body as it age, therefore, their ability to perform ADL and IADL tasks are highly impacted click for more. Designing physical activities tailored toward improving ADL and IADL should be prioritized for this group to improve their experience of life and make them self dependent.
Moderate aerobic exercises are among recommended exercises for the senior population, low impacts and moderate aerobic activities such as walking, swimming, and hydrodynamic exercises, it is important to keep monitoring the heart rate, blood pressure and their rating of perceived exertion during the physical activities to ensure safety at all time, also a good thing to do is to record exercise data which you need to manipulate to design and prescribe a progressive exercise program that is safe and reliable. Those are some of the recommended exercises for seniors but also important are flexibility and coordination exercise.